IRRITABE BOWEL SYNDROME
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) also known as Functional Bowel Disorder is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. This condition is a result of sensitive colon. Generally this condition is marked by alternative diarrhea and constipation commonly found in middle aged people. The prevalence of IBS is more in women than in men. Both physical and mental causes contribute to this disorder. In this condition, no structural, physical or chemical abnormalities can be observed. Also IBS generally causes no other disorders or cancer like inflammatory bowel disease. The marked clinical symptoms of IBS are mentioned below. In some of the people these symptoms are mild.
- Feeling of incomplete evacuation
- Formed stool
- Abdominal pain
- Gas distension
- Diarrhea, Constipation or alternating bouts of both
YOGA THERAPY FOR IBS
According to yogic text Taittariya upanisad the diseases are generally classified as stress born diseases (adhija vyadhi) i.e. disease caused because of excess stress in mind and non-stress born (anadhija vyadhi) i.e. disease caused due to other conditions. IBS is considered as one of the adhija vyadhi where the cause for the disease resides in the mind. Hence the following yoga therapy aimed at reducing the physical symptom such as pain as well as reducing the stress at the mind level which brings betterment in the symptoms.
Yoga practices for IBS
Asana’s or Physical postures
- Supine Posture- Viparita Karni
- Supine Posture- Sarvangasana
- Sitting posture- Vakrasana
- Sitting Posture- Ardha Matsyendrasana
- Sitting Posture -Matsyasana
- Prone Posture- Pavanamuktasana
Kriya’s or Cleansing Techniques
- Vamana Dhouti or Upper GID tract cleansing
- Laghu Sanka Prakshalana or Intestinal cleansing
- Agnisara Kriya
Bandha’s or Lock’s
- Cyclic Meditation (CM)
- Mind Sound Resonance Technique (MSRT)
- Pranic Energization Technique (PET)
NATUROPATHY THERAPY FOR IBS
Naturopathy therapy is a non-drug therapy aimed at treating the patients with natural products such as water, air, mud and through proper diet. For patients suffering with IBS whole foods, healthy fats (e.g., found in salmon, olive oil, avocado, nuts and seeds) and complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains and steamed veggies are suggested dietary products. Other than that
AYURVEDA THERAPY FOR IBS
Ayurveda, an ancient system of Indian medicine views IBS as a problem of dosa imbalance. This system of medicine generally suggests not only diet and herbs, but also provides lifestyle advice so that the treatment can be more specific and successful. Use of warm water is highly recommended for IBS patients. In constipation- predominant IBS, certain digestives like chitrakadi vati, shankha vati and medicated ghee are suggested to eliminate enterotoxin. In case of diarrhea-predominant IBS Emesis or vamana followed by herbal bitters is the first line of treatment. In dysentery-predomianat IBS virechana or purgation. And complex IBS is treated with panchakarma or cleansing procedure.
TRAINING TO BE GIVEN TO THE THERAPIST’S
The therapist should be taught the basic knowledge about the pathology of IBS and its clinical symptoms. This basic understanding about the disease helps them in suggesting the appropriate treatment through physical postures, cleansing techniques etc., Also knowledge about the pranic imbalances and chakra functioning about the disease helps them in choosing the proper treatment.